“Concerning the Pattern of the Tabernacle”: The Arrangement of Icons in the Orthodox Christian Temple

When visiting different Orthodox churches and examining their iconographic programs, two things may stand out: consistency and variation. Both of these elements are true of which icons are present in any temple and in the manner of their painting. In the introduction to his translation of Dionysus of Fourna's Hermenia,1 Paul Hetherington writes, “It used…

Two Mountains, One Glory

Icon of the Transfiguration of the Lord by Theophanes the Greek (15th c., Russia) Mountains play a pivotal role in the geography of traditional Christian belief. The Garden of Eden was placed at the top of a mountain, from which the waters of life flowed down as four rivers. Before the incarnation, the Lord reigned…